tomato yield per hectare in ethiopia

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Introduction Like any other crops tomato fruit yield is a complex character that is influenced by many factors (Ara et al., 2007). For instance, in the year 2019, she harvested more than 500 quintals of onion as the result of increased productivity and additional land rent. Khartoum State is the one of its most important areas and has experienced massive development in the production and marketing of the tomato. increasing crop yield under these conditions strongly rests on the use of irrigation water and/or maximizing yield per unit of water applied (Pereira et al., 2002). The tomato variety Bishola was found to be high seed yielder as compared to the other varieties compared and hence it is suggested that tomato producers in Jimma area can use Bishola variety for high seed yield. Yield per hectare 250 kg Total yield of tomato per plant ranged from 492.49g to 2082.52 g the highest being recorded in the DAP-Urea fertilized plots and the lowest in the spring water fed plots. The framers also produce this variety only during main cropping season even though irrigation water is available. Yield data in treated and untreated plots in the tomato harvest seasons (2015 to 2017), under glasshouse and field conditions represented by weight in ton per hectare was estimated. Tomato production is faced with a number of constraints which are biotic and abiotic that resulted into low yield. However, tomato production is highly constrained by several factors especially in developing nations like Ethiopia. Lack of hybrid seedlings is therefore a major bottleneck for expanding hybrid tomato production in East Shoa and other parts of Ethiopia. be applied per hectare. The treatment 150 kg/ha nitrogen fertilizer increased the number of cluster per plant and yield of tomato fruit per hectare by 34.50 and 70.79% over the control treatment, respectively. (2012) reported highly positive significant association of fruit yield per plant (0.98) and number of fruits per plant (0.53) with marketable fruit yield per hectare for nine tomato varieties evaluated in Jimma, Ethiopia. The average yield of tomato in Ethiopia is extremely low, 8 tone/ha compared to the world average yields which is 34 tone/ha [8]. Varieties at West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia around 5000 ha with the production of 40 tones and productivity of 6 ton ha-1 that is far below average world production and productivity [8]. In Ethiopia, farmers get lower yield mainly due to diseases and pests as well as due to sub-optimal fertilization. Yields of over 20 tons per hectare have been achieved by some growers, even from large plantings, and certain trial plots have yielded the equivalent of about 30 tons per hectare. Vegetables provide smallholder farmers with much higher income per hectare than staple crops (AVRDC, 1990). Around Holeta (Central Ethiopia) the maximum seed yield was 600kg hectare19,20 using honeybees as pollinator of niger; while 16700kg/hectare was obtained in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia.16 This yield differences between Central and Northern Ethiopia have recorded because of agroecology, soil type variation, and other environmental factors. Ethiopia has different varieties of fruit and vegetable crops that can grow in different agro ecological obtained. However, the growth and development of fleshy ∗Corresponding author The crop handling is still dominated by traditional ways except for small from25-40 tonnes per hectare. Drought, heat, From 1993 up to 2011 the tomato production area increased to 5338ha with total production of 55635 Mg (Habtamu, 2017). Tomato production is complex. Worldwide 177,118,248 tonnes of tomato is produced per year. Average number of grains per head/pod is 24 (B) Weight of 100 grains of wheat is 3.4g (per Table 1) (C) Yield in t/ha = (220 × 24 × 3.4) / 10,000 = 1.79. “The ban is necessary so as to boost local production of the commodity and ensure that Nigeria is self sufficient in tomato production. Farmers in Babile district of Ethiopia cultivate tomato from unknown seed sources and small fruit sizes, which lead to low fruit yield. Farmers should produce improved tomato variety at least two times per year using irrigation water to increase their production on their limited land. The AgroBIG annual survey shows that about 0.08 ha of land is dedicated to tomatoes on average per household, and yields average 137 quintals per hectare (2020). It is recommended that phosphorus be banded in acid soils. Higher total yield per plant was observed in the fertilizer treatment while the spring water treatment showed lowest total yield per plant (Fig 1). 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